Fix: Microsoft Edge Won’t Open

Microsoft Edge is a web browser developed by Microsoft. It was included in Windows as the default browser replacing Internet Explorer. It is more lightweight and has more features as compared to Internet Explorer such as integration with Cortana and reading notes etc.

Recently, after updating the Windows 10 operating system, many users reported that Edge failed to start and kept shutting itself down without any prompts. There can be many reasons for this issue. Start the solutions from the top and work your way down.

Note: Edge crashing after the Fall Creators Update (1709) is addressed at the end of the article.

Solution 1: Clean Booting your PC

If it is the first time you are having a problem with Microsoft Edge, it is recommended to restart your computer. If it doesn’t bring any improvement, we can try Clean Booting. This boot allows your PC to turn on with a minimal set of drivers and programs. Only the essential ones are enabled while all the other services are disabled.

  1. Press Windows + R to launch the Run application. Type “msconfig” in the dialogue box and press Enter.

  1. Navigate to the Services tab present at the top of the screen. Check the line which says “Hide all Microsoft services”. Once you click this, all Microsoft related services will be disabled leaving behind all the third-party services.
  2. Now click the “Disable all” button present at the near bottom at the left side of the window. All the third-party services will now be disabled.
  3. Click Apply to save changes and exit.

  1. Now navigate to the Startup tab and click the option of “Open Task Manager”. You will be redirected to the task manager where all the applications/services which run when your computer starts will be listed.

  1. Select each service one by one and click “Disable” at the bottom right side of the window.

  1. Now restart your computer and check if Edge launches successfully. If it does, it means there was an external program that was causing the problem. Search through your installed programs and determine which application is causing your problems.

Solution 2: Disabling Trusteer Rapport

Trusteer Rapport is a security software designed to protect confidential data from malware and phishing. It has intensive anti-phishing methods implemented and it protects users from almost all kinds of attacks. It immediately alerts suspicious activities and always makes sure that the website is safe before you enter your credentials.

It seems that after the Windows update, Trusteer Rapport started conflicting with Microsoft Edge. Its “Early Browser Protection” policy somehow conflicts with Edge and doesn’t allow it to start. We can change the policy or disable Trusteer Rapport and check if Edge works as expected.

  1. Press Windows + S to launch the search bar of your start menu and type “Trusteer”. Select the “Trusteer Endpoint Protection Console” option which returns as a result and open it.
  2. Once the console is launched, click on the green arrow present at the bottom right side of the screen. You will be navigated to the next page.

  1. Now click on “Edit Policy” present under the tab of Security Policy present at the top left side of the screen.

  1. Now you will be given a captcha to ensure that you are a human. Enter the letters as given and press Ok to proceed.
  2. A new window will pop up consisting of all the security policies of the application. Browse through them until you find the entry “Early Browser Protection”. Click on the drop-down menu and select “Never” from the list of options available.

  1. Press Save to implement all your changes and exit. Restart your computer and check if Edge performs as expected.

Note: You can try uninstalling Trusteer Rapport if changing the policy doesn’t work. It is strongly advised that you check your edge after uninstalling Trusteer before proceeding with the following solutions.

Solution 3: Running System File Checker

System File Checker (SFC) is a utility present in Microsoft Windows which allows the users to scan their computers for corrupt files in their operating system. This tool has been there in Microsoft Windows since Windows 98. It is a very useful tool for diagnosing the problem and checking if any problem is due to corrupt files in windows.

We can try running SFC and see if your problem gets solved. You will get one of the three responses when running SFC.

  • Windows didn’t find any integrity violations
  • Windows Resource Protection found corrupt files and repaired them
  • Windows Resource Protection found corrupt files but was unable to fix some (or all) of them
  1. Press Windows + R to launch the Run application. Type “taskmgr” in the dialogue box and hit Enter to launch your computer’s task manager.
  2. Now click on File option present at the top left side of the window and select “Run new task” from the list of options available.

  1. Now type “powershell” in the dialogue box and check the option underneath which states “Create this task with administrative privileges”.

  1. Once in the Windows Powershell, type “sfc /scannow” and hit Enter. This process may take some time as your entire Windows files are being scanned by the computer and being checked for corrupt phases.

  1. If you encounter an error where Windows states that it found some error but was unable to fix them, you should type “DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth” in the PowerShell. This will download the corrupt files from the Windows update servers and replace the corrupt ones. Do note that this process can also consume some time according to your internet connection. Don’t cancel at any stage and let it run.

If an error was detected and was fixed using the above methods, restart your computer and check if the taskbar started working normally.

Solution 4: Reinstalling Edge

If the repairing of Microsoft Edge doesn’t work, we can try reinstalling it. Since Edge is installed by default on Windows 10, it cannot be uninstalled using the conventional method we use for other applications. We have to navigate to the file location of Edge, take ownership, and deleting the folders. Then we can install Edge again using Powershell.

  1. Press Windows + R to launch the Run application. Type “C:\Users\%username%\AppData\Local\Packages\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe” in the dialogue box and press Enter to navigate to the file location.
  2. Once in the file location, navigate back to Packages and take ownership of the folder we just accessed. Follow the steps on how to take ownership of folders using this guide.

  1. Once you have ownership, you can easily delete all the folders. This will uninstall Microsoft Edge.

  1. Now press Windows + S to launch the search menu and type “Powershell” in the dialogue box. Right click on the first result and select Run as administrator.
  2. Now type the following command in the console and press Enter. The process might take a while as this command tries to install all the default applications which are present when you install a new version of Windows 10. Be patient and let the process complete.
Get-AppXPackage -AllUsers -Name Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge | Foreach {Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register "$($_.InstallLocation)\AppXManifest.xml" -Verbose}

  1. Now restart your computer and check if Microsoft Edge works.

Solution 4: Changing the Group Policy (Post 1709 Update)

The solutions listed below are written for post-1709 (Creators Fall Update) which caused a lot of problems for edge users.

Another aspect that seems to conflict with the Edge browser was the GPO settings regarding “Allow extensions”. It seems that after the update, this setting is not configured properly and causes Edge to crash randomly. We can try editing the policy and check if this fixes anything.

  1. Press Windows + R to launch the Run application. Type “gpedit.msc” in the dialogue box and press Enter.
  2. Once in the Group Policy Editor, navigate to the following path:
Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > Microsoft Edge
  1. Look for the policy named “Allow Extensions” present at the right side of the window. Double-click it to change its settings.

  1. Change the policy setting to “Not Configured”. Press Ok to save changes and restart your computer. Check if Edge started working as expected.

Solution 5: Editing the Registry (Post 1709 Update)

Another workaround for the same problem (Allow extensions) is to edit the registry. This solution is recommended for users who don’t have GPE installed on their machines. This will perform the same functionality as the previous solution. However, you can still give it a shot of the previous one didn’t work.

  1. Press Windows + R to launch the Run application. Type “regedit” in the dialogue box and press Enter.
  2. Once in the registry editor, navigate to the following file path:
  1. At the right side of the screen, you will see an entry “Extensions Enabled” with the DWORD value most probably “00000000”. Double-click it and change its value to “1”.

You can even delete the registry value after backing it up by right-clicking the “MicrosoftEdge” folder (at the navigation panel at the left side of the window) and selecting “Export”. This way you can always revert changes if things don’t go as expected.

  1. Restart your computer after applying the changes and check if this solves the problem at hand.

Solution 6: Adding a Registry Key using Command Prompt (Elevated) (Post 1709 Update)

If all the above solutions don’t work, we can try adding a key using an elevated command prompt into your registry. Do note that this process requires administrator account so don’t try executing it in a limited one. We will add a registry key to users in this method. Make sure to backup or create a restore point before attempting this method. If things don’t work out, you can easily restore the previously saved session of your OS.

  1. Press Windows + S to launch the Search bar. Type “command prompt” in the dialogue box, right-click on the result and select “Run as administrator”.
  2. Once at the command prompt, execute the following instruction:
reg add “HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Spartan” /v RAC_LaunchFlags /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f

  1. Restart your computer and check if the problem got solved.

Solution 7: Resetting Edge Settings

Another thing to try before we move on to more technical and tedious solutions is resetting Edge settings completely. There are numerous instances where because of some minor problems or technicalities, Edge doesn’t open as expected.

The settings are mostly internal and get initialized automatically. These settings may sometimes have some bad configurations which might be conflicting internally. You can easily reset Edge settings using the steps below:

  1. Right-click on the Start menu and then select Apps and Features.
  2. Now, click on Microsoft Edge and then select Advanced options.
    Resetting Edge
  3. Click on Reset.
  4. Restart your computer completely and then check if the issue is resolved for good.

Solution 8: Power-cycling your Computer

Another thing to try is power cycling your computer completely. Power cycling is an act in which you completely restart your computer by removing the power cord as well. This will remove all the temporary settings that your operating system has stored and will reinitialize them. If Edge is not opening because of this, it will be fixed.

Power cycling printer
Power cycling printer

Save all your work and shut down your computer. Now, take out the power cord from your PC or the battery from your laptop. Press and hold the power button for about 15 seconds before starting your computer again and checking if the issue is resolved and you can use Edge properly.

Solution 9: Creating a new User Account

Another thing which we can try is creating a new user account in your computer. Every Microsoft service is connected to the account you are accessing it with. Its configurations and preferences are bound to the local account. Here, if you have issues with your user account, it can cause Edge not to start as expected.

After creating a new user account, restart your computer and log into it and check if Edge works properly.

Solution 10: Reinstall Windows

If none of the above methods work, we can consider reinstalling Windows completely. Edge is pre-installed in Windows and when you reinstall it, everything gets refreshed and gets reinitialized as well. This will erase all your System drive files so make sure you backup all your preferences and other data before proceeding.

After repair installing Windows, log into your new account and enjoy Edge. You can restore your data back after you verify that Edge is working as expected.


Kevin Arrows

Kevin Arrows is a highly experienced and knowledgeable technology specialist with over a decade of industry experience. He holds a Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) certification and has a deep passion for staying up-to-date on the latest tech developments. Kevin has written extensively on a wide range of tech-related topics, showcasing his expertise and knowledge in areas such as software development, cybersecurity, and cloud computing. His contributions to the tech field have been widely recognized and respected by his peers, and he is highly regarded for his ability to explain complex technical concepts in a clear and concise manner.