The Intel 14A ‘1.4nm’ Process May Arrive Sometime in 2026, with 1nm Expected by 2028
Intel has published its plans for future process nodes which include but are not limited to Intel 4, 20A & 18A. There is still a lot of time left before we see these nodes in action. Meteor Lake (14th Generation) is expected to be based on the Intel 4 process. Similarly Arrow Lake and the mobile-only Lunar Lake will feature the 20A and 18A nodes. IMEC has proposed a roadmap for these nodes which gives us some expected time windows.
Future Process Nodes
The Intel 4 process, set to be used in Meteor Lake & Granite Rapids CPUs will be manufactured using EUV technology. Similarly, the Intel 18A and 20A will incorporate the use of new RibbonFET transistors and PowerVia technology. They are said to offer respectable gains in performance over their predecessors. IMEC predicts that the A14 ‘1.4nm’ process will arrive in 2026. Likewise, the 1nm node is also expected by 2028.
It is also mentioned by Mydrivers that after Intel 20A (2nm), team blue will finally have to change equipment. The latest EUV machine being developed is the EXE:5000 series which will enable High NA technology by 2026. Should ASML deliver earlier than this, it may just coincide with Intel’s plans for 20A and 18A.
But the problem is the increasing cost of EUV lithography machines. Currently, they will cost consumers around $150 Million. However, those prices may just surpass the $400 Million limit with the next-gen technology. Since inflation is also a factor, expect higher prices. This in turn means more development costs for Intel and possibly higher CPU prices, but that’s just mere speculation.
Future Intel Generations
|CPU Generation||Codename||Process Node||Performance Core Microarchitecture||Efficient Core Microarchitecture||Architecture||Release Date||Cores/Threads||Socket||Memory Support|
|13th Generation||Raptor Lake||Intel 7 (10nm)||Raptor Cove||Gracemont||Hybrid (Dual Core)||Launched||24/32||LGA 1700||DDR4-3200, DDR5-5600|
|14th Generation||Meteor Lake||Intel 4 (7nm)||Redwood Cove||Crestmont||Hybrid (Triple Core)||2023||22/28||LGA 1851||DDR5-?, LPDDR5x-7500|
|15th Generation||Arrow Lake||Intel 20A (2nm)/TSMC 3nm||Lion Cove||Skymont||Hybrid (Quad Core)||2024||24/32||LGA 1851||–|
|16th Generation Mobile||Lunar Lake||18A||Panther Cove||Skymont/Darkmont||–||2025-26||8/-||–||–|
|16th Generation Desktop||Panther Lake||18A?||Panther Cove||Skymont/Darkmont||–||2025-26||–||LGA 1851||–|
|17th Generation||Nova Lake||–||Royal Cove||–||–||2026+||–||–||–|